Magento Functional Testing Framework | Magento 2 MFTF: Frequently Asked Questions

The Magento Functional Testing Framework, commonly called MFTF, is a pivotal component within the Magento ecosystem. It’s designed to ensure Magento-based online stores' robust functionality and reliability. The need for comprehensive testing solutions becomes increasingly crucial as the digital commerce landscape evolves. In this frequently asked questions (FAQ) guide, we delve into the essential aspects of the Magento Functional Testing Framework, providing answers to common queries that arise when working with this powerful testing tool. 

What Is the Magento Functional Testing Framework (MFTF)?

The Magento Functional Testing Framework (MFTF) is a robust automated testing tool designed for streamlining the testing process of Magento-based e-commerce websites. It is an essential resource if you’re seeking to enhance the reliability and performance of your online stores.

What Are the System Requirements for Running MFTF?

Your system must meet specific needs to run MFTF effectively.

  • Operating System: You need a Linux or macOS-based environment. Windows is not directly supported, but you can use Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).
  • Web Browser: Google Chrome is the recommended browser for MFTF due to its WebDriver compatibility.
  • Composer: Install Composer, a dependency manager for PHP, on your system.
  • PHP Version: MFTF requires PHP 7.1 or higher. Ensure it is installed and properly configured.
  • RAM: A minimum of 4GB RAM is necessary, but 8GB or more is better for smoother testing.
  • Disk Space: Allocate at least 2GB of free disk space for MFTF and its dependencies.
  • CPU: A multi-core CPU is preferable for faster test execution.
  • Elasticsearch: For test reporting, Elasticsearch 5.6 or higher is recommended.
  • MySQL or MariaDB: These databases are required for storing test data and reports.
  • Java: If you plan to use Codeception with Selenium, you'll need Java Development Kit (JDK) 8 or higher.
  • Composer Dependencies: Install necessary PHP extensions like mbstring, gd, XML, curl, and zip as Composer dependencies.
  • Git: Version control is essential; make sure Git is installed.
  • Node.js: For running JavaScript-related tasks, have Node.js and npm installed.

Are There Any Prerequisites for Writing MFTF Tests?

Prerequisites for writing MFTF tests are essential for successful test creation and execution. A fundamental requirement is to clearly understand the application or software being tested. You must possess a comprehensive knowledge of the system's functionalities, features, and user workflows. This foundational understanding serves as the basis for creating practical test scenarios. 

Can I Use MFTF to Test Custom Modules and Extensions?

Yes, you can utilize Magento Functional Testing Framework (MFTF) to effectively test custom modules and extensions for your Magento-based e-commerce website. MFTF is a robust and versatile testing tool that empowers you to ensure your custom additions' seamless integration and functionality.

What Is the Purpose of MFTF Actions and Assertions?

MFTF actions and assertions create a robust testing framework. Actions drive the user journey by interacting with the application, while assertions validate that the application responds correctly. When you combine these two elements, you can thoroughly test an application's functionality, ensuring that it functions and produces the desired results. This approach allows testers to promptly identify and rectify issues, helping maintain the reliability and quality of the software being tested.

Optimize Your E-commerce Store Today

The Magento Functional Testing Framework (MFTF) is a powerful tool that can significantly enhance the quality and reliability of your Magento e-commerce store. To further optimize your Magento store's performance and functionality, consider exploring Amasty's wide range of products and services.

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