What are the steps in the Magento 1 to Magento 2 migration process?

E-commerce is evolving, and Magento is not far behind. Magento 2 was released a long time ago, and more and more Magento 1 stores have already switched to Magento 2. It is important to update the platform version to grow your business in the future. So how do you do this?

Method 1. Using the Data Migration Tool


  • stop all cron jobs in Magento 1
  • do not make any changes to Magento 1 Admin other than order management during the process
  • do not make any changes to the code during the process
  • do not make any changes to Magento 2 Admin and storefront during the process

Run the Data Migration Tool for further incremental changes, settings, and data migration:

Step 1. Log in to the Magento server as a user with permissions.

Step 2. Add <magento_root>/bin to your system PATH to run Magento commands from any directory.

Step 3. Bash shell example for CentOS:

export PATH=$PATH:/var/www/html/magento2/bin

Step 4. Command example:

bin/magento migrate:<mode> [-r|--reset] [-a|--auto] {<path to config.xml>}

Step 5. After creating the Data Migration Tool, the following data transfer sequence is assumed:

  1. Settings
  2. Data
  3. Changes

These steps, in turn, consist of a lot of code and commands, which will require high technical skills from you. You will have to deal with fixing code, backing up a database, restoring or fixing databases.

Method 2. Using the Magento 1 to Magento 2 migration service

Migration method using Magento 1 to Magento 2 Migration Service is the easiest and most reliable for the user. Thanks to this method, all unused M1 extensions will be removed, and suitable M2 extensions, product- and customer-related data will be converted from Magento 1 to Magento 2 without any loss and following all your wishes. Moreover, your M1 theme can be converted and optimized to M2 using this service.

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