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How to fix error 403 in Magento 2?

When working with Magento 2, you may get 403 forbidden error with the message:

“You don’t have permission to access .htaccess on this server”

This issue illustrates that permission settings of your server are incorrect. Let’s see how to fix it.

→ Struggling with server configurations? Let our specialists help you out! Check out our server configuration service.

Default server permissions used for Magento 2 files and folders are the following:

  • 775 for directories. It gives full control for the user and the group.
  • 664 for files. It gives the write permission for the user and the group and read-only for everyone else.

Magento 2 recommends using 755 permission for directories and 644 permission for files. These settings mean the following:

  • 755 gives full control for the user, but limits control for everyone else, allowing them only traverse directories.
  • 644 gives read-write permissions for the user and read-only for everyone else.

These settings provide you with the necessary security level.

→ Learn more about permissions & ownership

To check current Magento permissions assigned to a file or folder, do the following:

  • go to the folder containing the needed directory and use the /s- / command;
  • then you can see a table where all the files and folders will have a letter: r (read); w (write), or x (execute);
  • for the files that don’t have specific permission, you will see a dash instead of the symbols.

If your permissions are not set properly, you’ll see a message in the file manager.

To avoid 403 error in Magento 2, you can set the needed option in your root folder by using these commands:

cd <your Magento install dir>
find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \; // 644 permission for files
find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; // 755 permission for directory
chown -R :<web server group> .
chmod u+x bin/magento

Or you can do it automatically with the help of Magento Cleanup utility.

For more information on this topic, check the official guideline.

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