Can I let an admin user see only the orders created in a particular store view?

Yes, we can confirm it can be achieved with Advanced Permissions. Please navigate to System > Permissions > Roles > Role Resources and choose “Orders” and any of the available actions for them:

Magento Advanced permissions extension by Amasty

 

And then on the Advanced: Scope tab you can choose store views or websites on which orders can be seen and/or edited.

See more details on Advanced Permissions page
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